Wednesday, June 4, 2014

PANDUAN UNTUK SKOR CEMERLANG DALAM PAPER 2 BI UPSR



PANDUAN UNTUK DAPAT A DALAM KERTAS 2 BAHASA INGGERIS
SECTION A
1.       Gunakan ayat  kompleks : contoh menerangkan 2 aktiviti dalam satu ayat.
Contoh : The man who wears a hat is holding a glass of milk while looking at his children.
2.      Gunakan verb yang sesuai untuk setiap ayat untuk menerangkan apa yang ada di dalam gambar sahaja.
3.      Gunakan kata sifat yang sesuai unuk manusia, haiwan atau benda yang ada di dalam gambar.Contoh ;
The cute baby is sleeping soundly in a beautiful cot.
4.      Gunakan adverb yang sesuai. Contoh : The boy is arranging the books neatly.
5.      Pastikan anda bina ayat kesemuanya dalam tense yang sama. Contoh dalam masa Present Continous Tense. She is sweeping the floor.
6.      Elakkan membuat ayat umum. Contoh : There are five pupils at the playground.
7.      Elakkan menerangkan sesuatu objek mengenai warna kerana gambar adalah hitam putih.
8.      Elakkan menulis pelbagai jenis subjek. Contoh : a) Ali is wiping the blackboard.
                                                                             b) She is sweeping the floor.
                                                                             c) I am arranging the desks.
       9.    Elakkan memberitahu subjek yang sama melakukan dua perbuatan dalam dua ayat.
      10.    Pastikan tiada kesilapan grammar dalam setiap ayat dan jangan melebihi atau kurang dari 5 ayat.

SECTION B
Bahagian (a)
1.       Pastikan jawapan ditulis dalam petak yang betul.
2.       Berhati-hati dengan huruf ‘s’ yang sering ditinggalkan oleh calon.
3.       Elakkan menulis perkataan dengan bersambung di bawah.
4.       Pastikan jawapan ditulis dengan lengkap.
5.       Berhati-hati untuk maklumat yang tertera di dalam gambar kerana seringkali calon abaikan.
6.       Pastikan harga ditulis denga symbol dan unit yang betul. Contoh RM25.90
Bahagian B
1.       Baca arahan soalan untuk ketahui kepada siapa kita pilih.
2.       Ayat selepas  …because ( mestilah nyatakan pendapat anda sendiri)
3.       Jangan tulis balik perkataan yang ada dalam petikan tetapi anda perlu membuat ulasan.
Contoh dalam petikan : RM 20.95…anda perlu tulis : The price is reasonable.
4.       Pastikan jika anda pilih untuk orang lain, nyatakan ulasan anda berkenaan untuk orang yang dipilih.
5.       Elakkan guna moreover, besides, furthermore….kerana boleh mengelirukan maksud.
6.       Pastikan ulasan anda melebihi 3 isi untuk dapat markah penuh.
7.       Gunakan ayat dalam masa Present Tense dan Future tense.
8.       Pastikan anda mengulas semua isi yang ada dalam petikan gambar yang dipilih.
9.       Elakkan mula ayat dengan tajuk kecil dalam jadual bahagian (a)
10.    Elakkan guna similes dalam bahagian ini.

SECTION C
1.       Baca arahan soalan untuk ketahui nama watak jika diberikan.
2.       Guna nama watak yang ada dalam keywords jika diberikan.
3.       Nama yang diberi perlu digantikan dengan pronoun(he/she/we/they) / personal pronouns (him/her/us/them)
Possessive adjectives (his/hers/their/our)
4.       Jika ada keywords yang tidak difahami boleh diganti dengan perkataan lain asalkan tidak mengubah maksud cerita.
5.       Gunakan Tenses yang betul . Kelazimannya dalam masa Past Tense / Past Continous / Past perfect. Present  Tense diguna  dalam pengenalan atau untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang tetap.
6.       Tulis cerita anda mengikut susunan gambar.
7.       Tulis ayat yang mempunyai unsur yang menarik. Contoh ; The sun was shining brightly. It was a perfect day to go outing.
8.       Gunakan penghubung cerita seperti…after that, later, after a while, then, all of sudden, without hesitation, out of blue, finally.
9.       Terapkan dalam ayat similes yang sesuai untuk kejadian atau situasi. 2 atau 3 similes sudah memadai.
Contoh : He was as scared as a mouse when he saw the stranger.
10.    Pengenalan tiada markah. Oleh itu, tulis dua atau tiga ayat yang ada kaitan dengan cerita yang hendak ditulis.
11.    Karangan yang sistematik mempunyai perenggan kerana ia menunjukkan karangan itu ditulis mengikut gambar yang diberi dan mempunyai idea yang harmoni.
12.    Untuk ketahui tenses apa yang perlu diguna, perhatikan verbs yang ada dalam keywords.
13.    Jika dalam keywords ada verb dalam present tense, maka anda perlu guna ‘to’ sebelumnya.
14.    Jika anda hendak guna ‘had’ dalam ayat pastikan tulis masa. Contoh : The lady had lived in the village ten years ago.
15.    Gunakan verb to be yang betul dalam Past Tense. Contoh penggunaan was/were sebelum verb.
was eating/ were eating (sedang makan) / was eaten/ were eaten (dimakan).
16.    Bukan semua verb yang berakhir dengan ing membawa maksud sedang melakukan. Ada setengahnya membawa maksud sebagai kata nama. Contoh : Jogging is a good exercise.
17.    Akhiri cerita anda dengan nilai moral. Contoh :
a) After the incident, Azam believes that honesty is the bset policy.
b) In conclusion, it is learnt that Azam is a brave and kind hearted boy.
        18. Langkah terakhir, semak semula karangan anda untuk memastikan tiada kesilapan tatabahasa atau                    kesilapan ejaan dan tanda bacaan.
        19. Gunakan masa dengan betul. Jangan awal sangat atau melebihi dari tempoh masa yang diberikan.
        20. GOOD LUCK.

PHRASAL VERBS : MARKAH BONUS UNTUK PENULISAN PAPER 2




 Phrasal 
 Verb
Meaning
Example
A
abide by
 respect or obey. (the law, a decision, a rule)
 If you want to stay at this school, you must abide by the rules.

account for
 explain, give a reason
 I hope you can account for the money you spent!

 
add up
 make sense, seem reasonable
 Her story just doesn't add up.

advise against
 recommend not doing something
 The doctor advised him against carrying heavy loads.

agree with
 have the same opinion as somebody else.
 I agree with you. I think she deserves the award too.

aim at
 point something in the direction of
 a target
 The policeman aimed his gun at the hijacker.

allow for
 take into consideration,
 include in a calculation
 You'd better leave early to allow for traffic jams.

answer back
 reply rudely
 Don't answer back your mother!

appeal to
 1) plead or make an earnest request
 2) be attractive or interesting
1) The organizers appealed to the crowd to stay calm.
2) A trekking holiday doesn't
 appeal to me.

apply for
 make a formal request for something 
 (job, permit, loan etc.)
 He applied for the job he saw advertised in the newspaper.

avail (oneself) of
 take advantage of something (an opportunity)
 When the company is privatized, you should avail yourself of
 
the opportunity and buy some shares.




B
back away
 move backwards, in fear or dislike
 When he saw the dog, he backed away.

back down
 withdraw,  concede defeat
 Local authorities backed down on their plans to demolish the building.

back up
1) give support or encouragement
2) make a copy of (file, program, etc.)
 1) If I tell the boss we've got too much work, will you back me up?
 2) It is recommended to
 back up all files in a secure location.

bail out
1) pay money to secure someone's release
2) rescue from financial difficulties
1) When he was arrested, his family refused to bail him out.
2) The government
 bailed out the bank.

bank on
 base your hopes on someone/something
 Don't forget the date. I'm banking on your help.

beef up
 improve, make more substantial
 He beefed up his presentation with diagrams and statistics.

black out
 faint, lose consciousness
 When he fell off the horse he blacked out.

block off
 Separate using a barrier.
 The area was blocked off during the demonstration.

blow up
1) explode; 
2) be destroyed by an explosion
 1) The terrorists said the bomb would blow up at 9 o'clock.
 2) The car
 blew up but luckily there was nobody in it.

boil down to
 be summarized as
 The problem boils down to a lack of money.

boot up
 start a computer by loading an 
 operating system or program.
 Just give my a few minutes to boot up the computer.

break away
 escape from captivity
 A few horses broke away from the paddock.

break down
1) go out of order, cease to function
2) lose control of one's emotions
 1) John's car broke down so he had to take the bus.
 2) The parents
 broke down when they heard the bad news.

 
break into
 enter by force
 Burglars broke into the house around midnight.

break out
 start suddenly
 Rioting broke out as a result of the strike.

break out of
 escape from a place by force
 Three prisoners broke out of jail.

break up
 come to an end (marriage, relationship)
 After her marriage broke up, Emma went to live in London.

bring up
 raise (a child)
 She stopped working in order to bring up her children.

brush up on
 improve, refresh one's knowledge of something
 Mary had to brush up on her Spanish before going to South America.

bump into
 meet by accident or unexpectedly
 Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket.

burn out
1) stop (something) working
2) become exhausted from over-working
1) The fuse has burnt out.
2) Tom will
 burn himself out if he doesn't slow down.

butt in (on sthg)
 interrupt impolitely
 It's rude to butt in on a conversation like that!




C
call back
 return a phone call
 I'll call you back as soon as possible.

call off
 cancel
 The meeting was called off because of the strike.

call on/upon sby
 formally invite or request
 I now call upon the President to address the assembly.

calm down
 become more relaxed, less angry or upset
 He was angry at first but he eventually calmed down.

carry on
 continue
 He carried on gardening in spite of the rain.

carry out
1) do something as specified
    (a plan, an order, a threat)
2) perform or conduct (test, experiment)
1) The plan was carried out to perfection.
2) Tests are
 carried out to determine the efficiency of a new drug.

carry over
 postpone until later
 As regards holidays, can you carry over any days from one year 
 to the next?

check in
 register at a hotel or airport
 For security reasons you have to check in two hours before your flight.

check out
1) pay one's bill and leave (a hotel)
2) investigate
 1) Is Mr. Blair still at the hotel?  No, he checked out this morning.
 2) I don't know if the address is still valid. I'll
 check it out.

clam up
 refuse to speak
 When the teacher arrived she clammed up.

clamp down on
 act strictly to prevent something
 The government has decided to clamp down on smoking in public places.

close down
 stop operating (company, restaurant, cinema).
 When the factory closed down, the employees lost their jobs.

come across
1) find by chance
2) appear, seem, make an impression
1) Julie came across some photographs of her grandparents in the attic.
2) The candidate
 came across as a dynamic person during the interview.

come forward
 present oneself
 The police have asked any witnesses to come forward.

come up against
 be faced with or opposed by
 The project came up against a lot of criticism.

conk out
1) stop working
2) stop or fall asleep (from exhaustion)
 1) The car conked out on the motorway.
 2) He was so exhausted, he
 conked out in front of the TV.

count on
 rely or depend on (for help)
 I'm counting on the taxi driver to find the theatre.

cross out
 remove by drawing a line through
 In some exercises, you are asked to cross out the incorrect word.

cut down on
 reduce in number or size
 The doctor told him to cut down on cigarettes.

cut out
1) remove using scissors
2) stop doing something
 1) She cut out a picture in a magazine.
 2) I'm going to
 cut out eating between meals.




D
deal with
 handle, take care of  (problem, situation)
 The manager is good at dealing with difficult customers.

die down
 calm down, become less strong
 When the applause died down, she started to sing.

do without
 manage without
 The shops are closed so we'll have to do without sugar.

drag on
 last longer than expected
 We expected a short speech but it dragged on and on!

draw up
 write (contract, agreement, document)
 An agreement was drawn up and signed by the two parties.

dress up
1) wear elegant clothes
2) disguise oneself
 1) Do people dress up to go to the opera in your country?
 2) Children love to
 dress up at Halloween.

drop in
 visit, usually on the way somewhere
 I sometimes drop in to see my grandparents on my way home from school.

drop off
1) deliver someone or something
2) fall asleep
 1) I'll drop you off at the bus stop if you like.
 2) Granddad often
 drops off in front of the TV.

drop out
 leave school without finishing
 She decided to go to art school then dropped out after the first term.




E
ease off
 reduce, become less severe or slow down 
 (pain, traffic, work)
 After Christmas the workload generally eases off.

end in
 finish in a certain way; result in
 Their marriage ended in divorce.

end up
 finally reach a state, place or action
 If he continues his misconduct he'll end up in prison.

even out
1) eliminate differences of opinion.
2) become level or regular
 1) After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences.
 2) The road was
 evened out  to make it safer.




F
fall through
 fail; doesn't happen
 Our planned boat trip fell through because of the storm.

figure out
 understand, find the answer
 I'm trying to figure out how to assemble the bookshelves.

fill out
 complete (a form/an application)
 Please fill out the enclosed form and return it as soon as possible.

find out
 discover or obtain information
 I'm going to call the cinema to find out what time the film starts.

focus on
 concentrate on something
 The advertising campaign will focus on the quality of the product.

figure out
 understand; find a solution
 We'll have to figure out a way to deliver the goods faster.




G
get along (with)
 be on good terms; work well with
 I get along (well) with my mother-in-law.

get at
 imply
 What exactly are you trying to get at?

get away
 escape
 The robbers got away in a black car.

get by
 manage to cope or to survive
 It's difficult to get by on a low salary.

get in
 enter
 How did the burglar get in?

get into (+noun)
enter
 How did the burglar get into the house?

get off
1) leave (bus, train, plane)
2) remove
 1) You should get off the bus at Trafalgar Square.
 2) She can't
 get the stain off her sweater.

get on
 board (bus, train, plane)
 You can pay when you get on the bus.

get on with (something)
 continue to do; make progress
 Be quiet and get on with your homework.

get on (well) with (somebody)
 have a good relationship with
 I get on very well with my colleagues.

get out
 leave
 How did he get out?

get out of (+noun)
 leave
 How did he get out of the house?

get out of
 avoid doing something
 Some husbands manage to get out of doing any housework.

get over
 recover from (illness, disappointment)
 My grandmother had pneumonia but she got over it.

get rid of
 eliminate
 It's difficult to get rid of old habits.

get together
 meet each other
 Let's get together for lunch on day.

get up
 rise, leave bed
 I usually get up at 7 o'clock.

give up
 stop doing something
 Sarah gave up smoking 5 years ago.

go through
 experience
 Pete went through a lot of pain after the accident.

grow up
 spend one's childhood; develop; become an adult
 He grew up in a small village in the mountains.




H
hand in
 submit (report, homework)
 All application forms must be handed in before the end of the month.

hand out
 distribute
 Samples will be handed out at the end of the demonstration.

hang out
 spend time in a particular place,
 or with a group of friends
 Where does he hang out these days?
 Who does he
 hang out with?

hang up
 end a phone conversation
 "Don't hang up. I haven't finished yet."

hit at
 aim a blow at
 He hit at the wasp with the newspaper.

hit back
 retaliate; reply to an attack
 When he was attacked by the others, the boy hit back.

hit on/upon
 find unexpectedly or by inspiration
 She hit upon an idea for her new collection.

hold on
 -wait
 -grip tightly
- 'Hold on please.  I'll put you through to Mr. Brown."
- She
 held on to the railing as she crossed the bridge.

hurry up
 be quick, act speedily
 Hurry up! We'll miss the bus.




I
iron out
 resolve by discussion, eliminate differences
 The meeting tomorrow will be an opportunity to iron out difficulties.




J
join in
 participate
 She was too shy to join in the game.

join up
 -engage in, become a member of
- meet and unite with
- John was in the Army and  Tom joined up as soon as he left school.
- The two groups of tourists
 joined up at the hotel.

jot down
 take quick notes
 I jotted down the address while watching the programme on TV.




K
keep on
 continue doing something
 It told him to be quiet but he kept on making noise.

keep up with
 stay at the same level as someone or
 something
 Bill walks so fast it's difficult to keep up with him.

kick off
 begin, start
 The football match kicked off at 3 o'clock.




L
leave out
 omit, not mention
 The child's name was left out of the report.

let down
 disappoint
 You promised to come to the party, so don't let me down!

look after
 take care of
 A babysitter looks after the children when they go out.

look ahead
 think of the future
 It's time to forget the past and look ahead.

look down on
 consider as inferior
 He tends to look down on anyone who is not successful.

look on
 be a spectator at an event
 Billy didn't take part in the fight.  He just looked on.

look for
 try to find something
 Jane went to the shops to look for a pair of shoes.

look forward to
 await or anticipate with pleasure
 I look forward to seeing you soon.

look up to
 admire
 He was a wonderful teacher and many students looked up to him.




M
make fun of
 laugh at/ make jokes about
 The old lady dresses so strangely that the kids make fun of her.

make up
 invent (excuse, story)
 Some employees make up excuses when they arrive late for work.

mix up
 mistake one thing or person for another
 I don't know my neighbours' names yet.  I keep mixing them up.

move in
 arrive in a new home or office
 You've bought a new house? When are you moving in?.

move out
 leave your home/office for another one.
 My neighbour is leaving.  He's moving out next Saturday.




N
nod off
 fall asleep
 My grandfather often nods off in front of the television.

note down
 write something
 I'll call the station and note down the departure times.




O
opt out
 leave a system or decide not to participate
 I enjoy tennis but I'm so busy I had to opt out of the tournament.

own up
 admit or confess something
 The boy owned up.  He said he kicked the ball through the window.




P
pass away
 die
 The old lady passed away peacefully.

pass out
 faint
 She passed out when she heard the bad news.

pay back
 reimburse
 I'll lend you 20€ provided you pay me back before the end of the week.

put off
 postpone, arrange a later date
 The meeting was put off because of the strike.

put on
 turn on, switch on
 Could you put on the light please?

put out
 extinguish
 It took a long time to put out the fire.

put up
 accommodate, give somebody a bed
 We can put you up if you'd like to come for a week-end.

pick up
 collect somebody
 I'll pick you up at the station when you arrive.

point out
 indicate/direct attention to something
 She pointed out the mistake.




R
rely on
 count on, depend on, trust
 Don't worry.  You can rely on me.  I can keep a secret.

rule out
 eliminate
 The police ruled out political motives.

run away
 escape from a place or suddenly leave
 He ran away from home at the age of fourteen.

run into
 meet by accident or unexpectedly (also: bump into)
 Sophie ran into Maria at the shopping centre.

run out of
 have no more of something.
 What a nuisance!  We've run out of coffee.




S
set off
 start a journey;
 Early Saturday morning we set off for the ski slopes .

set up
 start a business
 She set up her own company 10 years ago.

shop around
 compare prices
 It's always wise to shop around before buying anything.

show off
 brag or want to be admired
 There's David showing off in his new sports car!

show up
 appear/arrive
 We expected David to come but he didn't show up.

shut up
 (impolite)              
 be silent, stop talking
 Oh shut up, you idiot!

sit down
 take a seat
 Please come in and sit down.

stand up
 rise from a sitting position
 The pupils stood up when the headmaster arrived.

stick up for
 defend
 It's important to stick up for one's principles.




T
take after
 resemble, in appearance or character
 Jamie really takes after his dad.

take care of
 look after
 I'll take care of your plants while you're away.

take off
 leave the ground
 The plane took off at 6 a.m.

take on
 hire or engage staff
 Business is good so the company is taking on extra staff.

take out
 remove; extract
 She took out a pen to note the address.

tell off
 reprimand/criticize severely
 The teacher told her off for not doing her homework.

think over
 consider
 I'll have to think over the proposal before I decide.

try on
 wear something to see if it suits or fits
 I'm not sure about the size.  Can I try it on?

turn down
 refuse
 I couldn't turn down an offer like that!




U
use up
 finish a product (so that there's none left)
 The kids have used up all the toothpaste.




V
vouch for
 express confidence in, or guarantee something
  You can give the keys to Andy.  I can vouch for him.




W
watch out
 be careful
 Watch out! There's a car coming.

wear out
 1) become unusable
 2) become very tired
 1) Julie wore out her shoes visiting the city.
 2) At the end of the day Julie was
 worn out.

work out
 1) do physical exercise
 2) find a solution or calculate something
 1) I work out twice a week at the gym club.
 2) It's expensive but I haven't
 worked out the exact cost yet.

wipe off
 clean (board, table).
 The teacher asked Lee to wipe off the board.